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同力英语大纲、技巧(含2017试题及答案)

[ 作者: 方舟教育 | 时间:2020/2/17 | 浏览:628次 ]
[ 关键词:同力英语大纲、技巧(含2017试题及答案)]

统考英语考试大纲

当前正在使用的(第六版)同等学力申硕英语统一考试大纲,与原有大纲相比,新大纲

取消试卷二得分的有关要求。

一、指导思想

为了客观地测试以同等学力申请硕士学位人员(以下简称同等学力人员)的英语水平,保

证学位授予的质量,根据国务院学位委员会办公室关于修订《同等学力人员申请硕士学位英

语水平全国统一考试大纲》的要求以及相关会议的精神,在总结近几年来同等学力人员英语

水平统一考试经验的基础上,结合同等学力人员学习英语的特点,开展了第五次修订工作并

形成新的考试大纲(第六版)

本考试大纲要求通过教学使学生具有较好的用英语获取信息的能力和一定的用英语传

递信息的能力。这就要求考生具有较强的阅读理解能力,一定的口语交际能力和语篇信息处

理能力,同时也必须具有一定的英译汉能力和写作能力。本考试旨在测试考生是否达到大纲

所规定的各项要求和具有大纲所规定的各项语言运用能力。

二、评价目标

本考试重点考查考生的英语口语交际、阅读、语篇完形处理、英译汉和写作等技能(

于技术上的原因,本考试暂时取消听力测试,口语交际技能的测试采用书面形式进行。考生

听力能力的测试由各院校在考生学习期间进行)。考生应在词汇知识、语法知识、口语交际

能力、阅读理解能力、语篇完形处理能力、英译汉能力和写作能力等方面分别达到以下要求:

()词汇

 掌握约6000 个英语词汇和约700 个常用词组(见附录一和附录二)。对6000 个词汇中

2800 个左右的积极词汇(词汇表中用黑体标出的词)要求熟练掌握,即能在口语交际和写

作中准确地运用;其余词汇则要求能在阅读、语篇完形处理和英译汉等过程中识别和理解。

 (二)语法

 掌握英语的基本语法知识、常用句型和结构,能正确理解包含这些知识、句型和结构的

句子和语篇。

()口语交际

 能用英语进行日常口语交流。对于生活、学习和工作中的常见英语交流,能理解交流情

景、说话人的意图和会话的含义,并能运用相应的知识和判断进行恰当的交流。能正确理解

英语口语中常见的习惯用法。

(四)阅读

 能综合运用英语语言知识和阅读技能读懂一般性题材的文章、广告等应用性文本和博客

及跟帖等互动形式的阅读材料。要求能抓住大意,读懂细节,能理解上下文的逻辑关系,并

能领会和分辨作者或话语参与各方的主要意图和态度及其异同等。

 (五)语篇完形处理

 在理解阅读材料的基础上能综合运用词汇、语法、搭配、语段、篇章逻辑等方面的知识

和上下文等对语篇各层次的信息进行正确判断和完形处理。

 ()英译汉

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能在不借助词典的情况下,把一般性题材的文章及科普文章中的段落从英语译成汉语,

能准确表达原文的意思,语句通顺,用词基本正确,无重大语言错误。

(七)写作

具有用书面英语表达思想和见解的基本能力。所写文章应切合主题,能正确表达思想,

意义连贯,无重大语言错误。

三、题型、题量、分值及参考答题时间

本考试所制定的试卷共有七个部分,包括口语交际、词汇、阅读理解、完形填空、短文

完成、英译汉和写作。卷面满分为100 分,考试时间共计150 分钟。

第一部分口语交际

本部分共设10 题,每题1分,考试时间为15 分钟。本部分包括AB两节,节为完成

对话,节为完成访谈或问答等。在每段对话、访谈或问答等口语转写材料中设置34

空白,并在材料前给出同等数量的出自材料本身的备选答案。要求考生从备选答案中为每个

空白选出一个最佳答案,使转写材料完整。

第二部分词汇

本部分共设10题,每题1分,考试时间为10 分钟。本部分设选择替换和选择填空两种

题型,每次考试只采用其中一种。选择替换要求考生根据句意对句中带下画线的一个词或词

组进行替换选择,即从所给的4个备选答案中选出一个最佳替换词或词组。选择填空要求

考生根据句意对句中的一个空白进行填空选择,即从所给的个备选答案中选出最佳答案

并填入空白处,使句子完整。

第三部分阅读理解

部分共设25题,每题分,考试时间为45 分钟。本部分包括AB节,节为段落

阅读,节的阅读形式可以是博客与跟帖或相关短文阅读、短文主题快读、广告浏览等。A

要求考生在对阅读材料理解的基础上从所给的个备选答案中选出一个最佳答案。节除了

四选一以外,还可以在几份阅读材料的相应位置设置若干个空白,同时在它们前面提供同等

数量的备选答案,要求考生根据考题指令从备选答案中为每个空白选出一个最佳答案。

第四部分完形填空

本部分共设10 题,每题分,考试时间为10 分钟。本部分在一篇难度

适中的短文中设置10个空白,每个空白给出4个备选答案,要求考生从所给备选答案中

选出一个最佳答案,使短文完整。

第五部分短文完成

本部分共设20 题,每题分,考试时间为20 分钟。本部分共有篇短文,每篇短

文自身有3个空白。同时,每篇短文前面又设有3个带有个空白的语言段。这些

语言段前设有方框,其中为每个语言段的空白提供了相应的备选答案。短文和语言段共设置

21

20 个空白。本部分要求考生在理解短文和语言段的基础上完成两项任务:一是从语言段前

面的方框中所设的备选答案中选出一个最佳答案分别填入各个语言段的空白处,使相应的语

言段完整;二是从短文前的3个语言段选项中选出一个最佳答案分别填入短文的相应空

白处。两项任务完成后应该使短文完整。

第六部分英译汉

本部分要求考生把一段100词左右的英语短文翻译成汉语,共10 分,考

试时间为20分钟。要求译文意思准确,文字通顺。第七部分写作

本部分要求考生在规定时间内,按照话题和提纲的要求用英语写出一篇不少150 词的短

文,共15 分,考试时间为30 分钟。本部分的考试形式还可以是看图作文、描述图表或根

据一篇所给的文章写出内容提要或读后感等。

四、题型、题量、记分及参考答案时间一览表同等学力申请硕士学位人员英语水平考试的题

型、题量、记分及参考答题时间如下:

一、打好基础,攻克词汇大关

词汇是同等学力英语学习的基础,考生需要从现在开始积累词汇,但并不是要求考生将所有

词汇都要熟记。在记忆词汇的过程中,要避免盲目求新、求多,正确的做法是根据大纲要求

将英语词汇分为积极词汇和非积极词汇,在有限的时间内,才能真正记忆住词汇。

二、对待错题,理解并吃透

同等学力英语备考期间可以把练习中每道错题记下来,进行透彻的分析,把真正错误的原因

进行归类汇总,然后对知识点进行强加复习。才能熟悉掌握命题人的出题特点,也能把握住

自己的薄弱之处。

三、攻克阅读理解,从句子结构开始

阅读理解是同等学力英语考试中比较让人头疼的题型,环球卓越名师建议大家:熟练掌握各

种从句、插入语、非谓语形式等常考语法点,认认真真分析句子结构,练习快速分解长难句

的方法,这有助于理解阅读题当中的长难句,提高阅读理解做题速度和正确率。

四、掌握写作技巧,提高写作成绩

可以通过一些文章来增加同等学力英语写作方面的素材积累,在平时的复习过程中从熟悉文

章结构,选词造句,句型变换,修辞方法等方面掌握写作的技巧。

对于2020年的考生来说,如果能提前开始学习,正确掌握以上同等学力英语复习四大技巧并

合理的利用,那么,同等学力英语水平一定会得到提升。

2017年同等学力英语真题及答案

PartIOral Communcication (10points)

SectionA

Directions:Inthissectiontherearetwoincompletedialoguesandeachdialogue hasthreeblanksandthreechoicesA,BandC,takenfromthedialogue.Fill

ineachoftheblankswithoneofthechoicestocompletethedialogueandmarkyour answer on the Answer Sheet.

DialogueOne

A.When is it takingplace?

B.A.When is it taking place?

C.C.That'll be interesting.

Alice:We'rehavinga meeting tomonow. Can you make it?

Kevin:1

Alice: We're planning at10 o'clock. Is thatOK?

Kevin: Yes, that'll befine.

Alice: We're going to goover last quarter's sales figures.

Kevin: Good. I have someinput I'd like to make.

Alice:Frankisalsogoingtomakesomesuggestionsonimprovingthebottomline.

Kevin;2He'sgot keen insights.

Alice: Yes, he's going to outline some new sales strategies.

Kevin:3

Alice: No, he's flying toSan Francisco and won't be able to make it.

Kevin: Oh well, maybehe'll phone in.

DialogueTwo

A.I'll drop by there onmy way to class today.

B.I thought you liked theapartment.

C.I've decided to lookfor a new place.

Roger: Hello.

Ann; Hello Roger, This isAnn.

Roger: Oh hi, Ann. Howhave you been? How's your new apartment working out?

Ann: Well, that's whatI'm calling about. You see,4 Roger:Oh, what's the problem with your place now?5

Ann:Oh,Ido,butit'salittlefar fromcampus,andthecommuteisjustkilling me. Do you think you could help? Ithought you might know more about the housing

situation near theschool,

Roger:Well,Iknowthere'sanapartmentcomplexaroundthecornerthatseemstohave

a few vacancies.6

25 

Ann: Hey, thanks a lot.

Roger:No problem.

SectionB

Directions:Inthissectionthereisoneincompleteinterviewwhichhasfourblanks

andfourchoicesA,B,CandD),takenfromtheinterview.Fillineachoftheblanks

withoneofthechoicestocompletetheinterviewandmarkyouranswerontheAnswer

Sheet.

A.Thanks, Rachel.

B.That's what we did.

C.we were all talkingabout some TV shows.

D.it's a real honor tohave you here.

Maddow:JoiningusnowfortheinterviewisHillaryClinton,formersecretaryofstate,

formersenator,formerfirstlady.SecretaryClinton,7Thankyoufor

being here.

Clinton: It's great to behere with you.8

Maddow:Whatdoesapersondoafter11hoursoftestimony?Yourethe onlyhuman

beingIknowofonEarththathasdone11straighthours.Whatdidyoudoafterthat?

Clinton:Well,IhadmywholeteamcomeovertomyhouseandwesataroundeatingIndian

food and drinking wineand beer.9It was great.

Maddow:Andwasitlike,"Let'sjusttalkaboutTV,let'snottalkaboutwhatjust

happened?"

Clinton:Yes.Yes,10Itwasgreatjusttohavethatchancetothank

thembecausetheydidaterrificjob, youknow,kindofbeingtherebehindmeand

getting me ready.

PartIIVocabulary (10 points)

Directions:In this part there arc ten sentences, eachwith one word or phrase

underlined.ChoosetheonefromthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDthatbestkeeps

the meaning of thesentence. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

11.Thespeciallydevelopedskinpaintwillwearoffin2-4days,butcanberemoved

instantly with alcohol.

A.remainB.dryC.workD.disappear

12.She was tired of hisconstant complaining and did't want totoleratehim

anymore.

A.catch up to B.put up withC.come up

withD.liveup to

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13.The supporters of eitherparty haverationalized their

ownopinioninterms ofargument.

A.with regard toB.in contrast toC.in addition

toD.as opposedto

14.Howisitpossiblethalsuchwidespreaddeceptionhascometotakeplaceright

under our noses?

A.delayB,damageC.fraudD.shock

15.Itisnotyetclearwhetherthedeletionofdataatthetroubledbankwasaccidental

ordeliberate.

A.obviousB.intentionalC.surprisingD.

foolish

16.When required to eatvegetables, many children only do soreluctantly.

A.automaticallyB.anxiouslyC.obediently

D.unwillingly

17.Recently,theInternethasgivenrisetoanewtypeofmarketplace.

A.createdB.conceivedC.increasedD.improved

18.Another 1,000 workersweredismissedwhen ihe machinery plant was in

difficulties.

A.taken offB.driven offC.put

offD.laidoff

19.Creditcreatesthefalseideathatyoucanownthingswithoutpayingforthem.

A. imageB. illusionC. imagination D. impression

20. For the audience tobetter understandthe new concept,the

professorelaboratedit with many examples.

A. summarized B.concluded C. classified D. explained

PartIIIReading Comprehension (25points)

SectionA

Directions:In this section, there are four passagesfollowed by qucsiions or

unfinishedstalements,eachwithfoursuggestedanswersA,B,CandD.Choosethe

best answer and mark youranswer on the Answer Sheet.

27

PassageOne

Under the rightcircumstances, choosing to spend time alone can be a huge

psychological blessing.In the 1980s, the Italian journalist andauthor Tiziano

Terzani.aftermanyyearsofreportingacrossAsia,holedhimselfupinacabinin

IbarakiPrefecture,Japan."ForamonthIhadnoonetotalktoexceptmydogBaoli,"

hewroteinhisbookAFortuneTellerToldMe.Terzanipassedthetimewithbooks,

observing nature,"listening to ihe winds in the trees, watching butterflies,

enjoyingsilence"Forthefirsttimeinalongwhilehefeltfreefromtheunending

anxieties of dailylife:"At last I had timeto have time."

Terzanis embrace ofisolationwas relatively unusual: Humans have long

consideredsolitudeaninconvenience,somethingtoavoid,apunishment,arealm

ofloners.Sciencehasoftenassociateditwithnegativeoutcomes.Freud,wholinked

solitudewithanxiety,notedthat,"inchildrenthefirstfearsrelatingtosituatious

arethoseofdarknessandsolitude."JohnCacioppo,amodernsocialneuro-scientist

whohasextensivelystudiedlonelinesswhathecallschronicperceivedisolation

contendsthat,beyonddamagingourthinkingpowers,isolationcanevenharmour

physicalhealth.Butincreasinglyscientistsareapproachingsolitudeassomething

that, when pursued bychoice, can prove a therapy.

Thisisespeciallytrueintimesofpersonaldisorder,whentheinstinctisoften

forpeopletoreachoutsideofthemselvesforsupport.Whenpeopleareexperiencingcrisisit'snotalwaysjustaboutyou:It'sabouthowyouareinsociety,"explains

JackFong,asociologistatCaliforniaStatePolytechnicUniversitywhohasstudiedsolitude.

Inotherwords,whenpeopleremovethemselvesfromthesocialcontextoftheirlives,

theyarebetterabletoseehowthey'reshapedbythatcontext.ThomasMerton,amonk

andwriterwhospentyearsalone,heldasimilarnotion."Wecannotseethingsin

perspective until we cease tohug them to our breast,he writes inThoughts

inSolitude."peoplecangoforawalkorlistentomusicandfeelthattheyare

deeply in touch with themselves.

21.Tiziano Terzani spent amonth alone to______.

A.embrace isolationB. study butterflies

C. write a bookD. look after his dog

22.The word"solitude",(Para. 2) is closest inmeaning to "_____".

A.growing anxiousB. feeling empty

C. being helplessD. staying alone

28

23.The opinions of Freud andCacioppo are cited to show that_____.

A.children tend to feardarkness and solitude

B. solitude pursued bychoice can be a therapy

C. chronic isolation canharm interpersonal relations

D. solitude has long beenlinked with negative outcomes

24.According to Jack Fong,the sense of personal crisis may be influenced

by_____.

A. an isolated lifestyleB. mental disorder

C. low seif-esteemD. social context

25.The main idea of thepassage is that.

A.solitudeshould be avoided at all costs

B. anxieties of dailylife may cause personal crisis

C.choosing to spend timealone can be a blessing

D. seeking support isuseless for tackling personal crisis

PassageTwo

Scienceisfinallybeginningtoembraceanimalswhowere,foralongtime,considered

second-class citizens.

AsAnniePottsofCanterburyUniversityhasnoted,chickensdistinguishamongone

hundred chicken faces andrecognize familiar individuals even after months of

separation.Whengivenproblemstosolve,theyreason:henstrainedtopickcolored

buttonssometimeschoosetogiveupanimmediate(lesser)foodrewardforaslightly

later(andbetter)one.Healthyhensmayaidfriends,andmournwhenthosefriends

die.

Pigsrespondmeaningfullytohumansymbols.WhenaresearchteamledbyCandaceCroney

atPennStateUniversitycarriedwoodenblocksmarkedwithXandOsymbolsaround

pigs,onlytheOcarriersofferedfoodtotheanimals.ThepigssoonignoredtheX

carriersinfavorofthe0's.Thentheteamswitchedfromreal-lifeobjectstoT-shirts

printedwithXorOsymbolsStill,thepigsventuredonlytowardthe0-shirtcdpeople:

they had transferredthrir knowledge to a two-dimensional format,

anot-inconsiderable featofreasoning.

Fairly soon, I came tosee that along with our closest living relatives,

cetaceans(鲸目动物)tooaremastersofculturallearningandelephantsexpress

profoundjoyandmourningwiththeirsocialcompanions.Long-termstudiesinthewild

onthesemammalshelpedtofuelaperspectiveshiftinoursociety:thepublic no

longersoeasilyacceptsmonkeysmadetoundergopainfulproceduresinlaboratories,

29

elephantsforcedtoperfonnincircuses,anddolphinskeptinsmalltanksattheme

parks.

Overtime,though,asIbegantobroadenoutevenfurtherandexploretheinnerlives

offish,chicken,pigs,goats,amicows,Istartedtowonder:Willthenewscience

of"foodanimals"bringanethicalrevolutionintermsofwhoweeat?Inotherwords,

willthebreadthofourethicsstart tocatchupwiththebreadthofourscience?

Animalactivistsarealreadythere,ofcourse,committedtonoteatingtheseanimals.

Butwhatabouttherestofus?Canpayingattentiontothethinkingandfeelingof

these animals lead us tomake changes inwho we eat?

26.AccordingtoAnniePotts,hens'choiceofalaterandbetterrewardindicates

their ability of_____ .

A. social interactionB. facial recognition

C. logical reasoningD. mutual learning

27.The expression"not-inconsiderable feat'' (Para. 3) shows what pigs can do is

_____ .

A. extraordinary B. weirdC. uniqueD. understandable

28.What is Paragraph 4mainly about?

A. The similaritiesbetween mammals and humans.

B. The necessity oflong-term studies on mammals.

C. A change of publicattitude to the treatment of mammals.

D.A new discovery of howmammals think and feel.

29.What is the author's viewon eating"food animals''?

A.He regrets eating thembefore.

B.He considers eating them justifiable.

C. He is not concernedabout the issue

D.He calls for a changein what we eat.

30.What is the best titlefor the passage?

A.In Praise of FoodAnimals

B. Food Animals inScience Reports

C. The Inner Lives ofFood Animals

D.Food Animals: Past,Present and Future

PassageThree

30

Almosteightdecadesago,theAmericaneducatorAbrahamFlexnerpublishedanarticle

entitledThe Usefulness of Useless Knowledge.In it, he argued that ihe most

powerfulintellectualandtechnologicalbreakthroughsusuallyemergedfromresearch

that initially appeared"useIess", without much relevanceto real life.

Asaresult,itwasvital,Flexnersaidthatthese uselesseffortsshouldbe

supported,eveniftheydidnotproduceanimmediatepayback,becauseotherwisethe

next wave of innovationsimply would notoccur."Curiosity, whichmayor may not

produce something useful,is probably the outstanding characteristic of modern

thinking,he declared.

In1929.FlexnerpersuadedawealthyAmericanfamily,theBambergers,tousesome

oftheirdonationstofundtheInstituteforAdvancedStudy(IAS)atPrincetonto

support exactly this kindoft "undirected"research.

Anditpaidoff:brilliantJewishscientistsfleeingfromNaziGermany,suchasAlbert

Einstein,gatheredattheIAStoexploreundirectedideas.Andwhilesomeofthese,

such as Einstein's ownwork developing his earlier theory of relativity, did not

initially seem valuable,many eventually produced powerful applications (though

after many decades).

"WithoutEinstein'stheory,ourGPStrackingdeviceswouldbeinaccuratebyabout

seven miles," writesRobbert Dijkgraaf, the current director of the IAS, in the

forewordtoanewlyreleasedreprintofFlexner'sarticle.Conceptssuchasquantum

mechanics(量子力学)orsuperconductivityalsoseemedfairlyuselessatfirstbut

yielded huge dividends ata later date.

ThereasonwhytheIASisre-releasingFlexner'sarticlenowisthatscientistssuch

as Dijkgraaf fear thiscore principle is increasingly under threat. The Trump

administrationhasreleasedaprojectedbudgetthatthreatenstoreducefundingfor

arts, science andeducational groups. Many Republicans believe that research is

betterfinancedbybusinessorphiianthropists(慈善家)thanbygovernment.But

onestrikingfactaboutthepastcenturyishowmuchAmericaninnovationoriginated

infederalprojects;SiliconValleywouldneverhaveboomedwereitnotforthefact

that state fundingenabled ihe development of the World Wide Web, for example.

31.What may be the besttitle for the passage?

A.The Value of CreativeIdeas

B.The Importance of BasicResearch

C. Innovation in SiliconValley

D. In Praise of UselessEndeavors

31

32.According to AbrahamFlexner, what is an important feature of modem thinking?

A. Curiosity.B.Application. C. Devotion. D. Passion.

33.The "undirected"research (Para. 3)refers toresearch_____.

A.notfundedbygovernmentagencies

B.withoutanypractical purpose inmind

C.withindefiniteexperimental methods

D.supportedbynon-profitorganizations

34.Examples ofinitially "useless"research include all ofthefollowing EXCEPT_____ .

A.quantummechanics

B.theory ofrelativity

C.superconductivity

D.GPStrackingdevices

35.Flexner's article was reprintedbecause_____ .

A.businesses inSilicon Valley wishtoputpressure onthe government

B.Democratsbelievethatgovernment funding should go tosmallbusinesses

C.Republicans argue thatscientific research should befinancedbybusinesses

D.somescientistsworry thatgovernment willcut its funding for basic research

PassageFour

In1902,GeorgesMeliesmadeandreleasedamoviecalledATViptotheMoon.Inthismovie,

thespaceshipwasasmallcapsule,shapedlikeabullet,thatwasloadedintoagiantcannon

andaimed atthemoon.

Thismovie wasbased onbookthat cameoutmanyyearsearlierbyanauthornamedJules

Verne.OneofthefansofthebookwasaRussianman,KonstantinTsiolkovsky.Thebookmade

himthink. Couldone reallyshoot peopleoutofa cannonand havethemgetsafelytothe

moon?Hedecidedonecouldn't,butitgothimthinkingofotherwaysonecouldgetpeople

tothe moon.Hespenihislifeconsideringthisproblemandcameupwithmanysolutions.

SomeofTsiolkovskyssolutionsgavescientistsinAmericaandRussiaideaswhentheybegan

tothinkabout spacetravel.Theyalsothoughtaboutairplanestheyand otherpeople had

made,andevenbig bombs thatcould fly themselves verylongdistances.

Many scientists spentyears working together to solve the problem. They drew and

discusseddifferentdesignsuntiltheyagreedontheonesthatwerethebest.Then,

theybuiltsmallmodelsofthosedesigns,andtestedandtestedthemuntiltheyfelt

32

readytobuildevenbiggermodels.Theymadefull-scalerockets,whichtheylaunched

withoutanypeopleinside,totestforsafety.Oftentherocketsweren'tsafe,and

theyexplodedrightthereonthelaunchpad,orshotoffincrazydirectionslike

aballoonthatyoublowupandreleasewithouttyingitfirstAftermany,manytests,

theystartedtosendsmallanimalsintospace.Onlyafteralongtimedidtheyever

put a person insidea rocketandshoothim into space.

Even after they begansending people into space, scientists were still trying to

improvetheshapeoftherockets.Thedesignchangedmanytimes,andeventuallyended

uplookinglikeahalf-rocketandhalf-airplane.Themachinecalledspaceshuttle

wasusedformanyyears.Now,thegovernmentletsprivatecompanies trytheirown

designsforspaceships,andtheyhavecomeupwithmanydifferent,crazy-looking

machines.

36.InthemovieATriptotheMoon,thespaceshipwassenttothemoon_____.

A.in a capsuleB.ina bulletC.by a cannon D. by a gun

37.The movie was based on abook written by_____ .

A.Konstantin TsiolkovskyB. an unknown author

C. Georges MeliesD. Jules Verne

38.Before the invention of aspaceship, possible solutions of space travel

includedall of the following EXCEPT_____ .

A.bombsB.balloonsC.airplanesD.

rockets

39.What is Paragraph 4mainly about?

A. It took a long timeand hard work to send a person into space.

B.American scientistsworked better than Russian scientists.

C.Scientists from Russiaand America had close cooperation.

D. The design of therocket was inspired by the movieATrip tothe Moon.

40.The word"shoot"(Fara. 4) is closest inmeaning to"_____".

A.send with great forceB.break into many pieces

C.fix a problemD.attack with a

weapon

SectionB

Directions:In this section, you arerequired to rend one quoted blog and the

comments on it. The blogand comments are followed by questions or unfinished

33

statements,eachwithfoursuggestedanswersAtB,CandD.Choosethebestanswer

and mark your aftswer onthe Answer Sheet.

In2003,1wastoldbyarestaurantowneronaThaiislandthatlocalfishermenused

towraptheirlunchinbananaleaves,whichtheywouldthencasuallytossoverboard

whendone.ThatwasOK,becausetheleavesdecayedandthefishatethemall.But

inthepastdecade,hesaid,plasticwraphadrapidlyreplacedbananaleaves,sothe

beach was edged with acrust of plastic.

ThisisaworldwideproblemwecantpointthefingeratThaifishermen.TheUK

aloneproducesmorethan170mtonsofwasteeveryyear,muchofitfoodpackaging.

Nowweliveinanabsurdagewhereapacketofcookiescanhavesevenlayersofwrapping.

Whileithasrevolutionisedthewaywestoreandconsumefood,thereisnowsomuch

ofitthatlandfills(垃圾填埋场)cantcope.Someofitispoisonous,andsomeof

itneverdegrades.Itcantake450yearsforsometypesofplasticbottletobreak

down.Indeed,asRachelleStraussoftheUKsZeroWasteWeeksays,weneveractually

throw anything awayit's really just put somewhere else.

ltseasytodespairatthescaleofhandlingtheplasticwrap,butitisn'tbeyond

humanitytosolveitlookathowtheworldtookactiononCFCs(含氯氟):there

aresignsthattheholeintheozonelayerisnowclosing.Foodpackagingoughtto

be adoddle.

Comment 1:

WhileasanindividualIcandomybesttoavoidexcessivepackaging,itisreally

onlygovernmentregulationthatcanforcecorporationstochangetheirpractices.

Comment 2:

Ineverunderstandwhysupermarketchainsinsistoncoveringproductssuchasbananas

andcucumbersinplasticwrap.Why?Theyhavetheirownpackaging--theskinorpeel!

Comment 3;

Ilovepackagingifit'swelldesignedofcourse.Ithelpsusbemorehygienicand

practical.Thesolutiontothesepackagingnecessitiesisclearlytoencouragethe

use of bio-degradablepackaging.

Comment 4:

Before,everythingwethrewoutwasbio-degradableandnowit'snot.Guessit'shard

to change that behaviorovernight.

41.What is the author'sview on the plastic problem in Thailand?

34

A. The problem is notunique to Thailand.

B. There is no pointoverreacting tothe problem.

C.Itis important to raise people's awareness.

D. The government shouldbe held responsible.

42."A packet ofcookies"is mentioned inParagraph 2 to_____ .

A. illustrate the problemof excessive packaging

B. introduce therevolutionary way of packaging

C.reviewthe gradual development of packaging

D. emphasizethe necessity of food packaging

43.The word doddlePara. 3)probably meanssomething_____ ".

A.nolonger usefulB.extremelydifficult

C.beyond imaginationD.easilyaccomplished

44.Which ofthe comments ispositive aboutpackaging?

A.Comment 1. B.Comment 2. C.Comment3. D.Comnienl4.

45.Which ofthe following comments pointoutwayslosolve over-packaging?

A.Comments 1 and 2.B.Commentsl and 3.

C.Comments 2 and 4.D.Comments3 and.4.

PartIVCloze(10 points)

Directions:Inthispart,thereisapassagewithtenblanks.Foreachblankthere

arefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andD.Choosethebestanswerforeachblankandmark

your answer on theAnswer Sheet.

Howmanypeoplecanliveonthefaceoftheearth?Nooneknowstheanswer.Itdepends

on how much food peoplecan grow46destroying the

environment.

More people now existthan ever before, and the

population47growing.Every15seconds,about100babiesarcborn.

Before the end of thiscentury, the earth may4810 billion

people!

Tofeedeveryone,farmersmustgrowmorefood,Theyaretryingtodoso.Worldfood

productionhasgradually49overtheyears,insomeparts

oftheworld,50,thepopulationisgrowingfasterthanthe

35

foodsupply.Someexpertsfeartheworldwillnotbeabletoproduceenoughfoodfor

a51thatnever stops increasing.

Togrowmorecropsonthesame52of

land,farmersusefertilizersandpesticides(杀虫剂).Someplantnewkindsofgrains

thatproducemorefood.Thesethingshelp53theydon't

provideperfectsolutions.Thechemicalsinfertilizersandpesticidescanpollute

water supplies. The newseeds developed by scientists have reached

the54ofwhat they can produce.

When hungry people canget no more out of55field, they

cleartreesfromhillsandforestsfornewfarmland,andindoingsotheyexpose

thesoil.Thenrainandfloodsmaystripthetopsoilfromfields.Thisprocessis

callederosion.Eachyearerosionstealsbillionsoftonsoftopsoilfromfarmers.

46.A.withoutB.by

C.againstD.for

47.A.ceasesB.keeps

C.stopsD.stays

48.A.maintainB.retain

C.holdD.produce

49.A. exhaustedB. declinedC.

arisenD.risen

50.A.howeverB.somehowC.anyway

D.furthermore

51.A.countryB.nation

C.populationD.community

52.A.

rangeB.amount

C.numberD.level

53.A.

henceB.when

 C.butD.and

54.A. conclusionB.

restrictionC.goalD

.limit

55.A.growingB.survivingC.

55.remainingD.existing

PartVText Completion (20 point)

36

Directions:Inthispart,therearethreeincompletetextswith20questions.Above

eachtexttherearethreeorfouritemstobecompletedFirst,usethechoicesprovided intheboxtocompletetheitems.Second,usethecompleteditemstofillintheblanks

of the text. Mark youranswer on thu Answer Sheet.

TextOne

A.helps

B.while

C. messages

D.closely

Phrases:

A.you watched56eatingit

B.send nerve57toyour brain

C.our noses and our brainare very58connected

D.59us rememberthings

For years, scientistshave been studying the special powers of smells. It seems that60.Whenyousmellsomething,theodorgoesupyournoseto

the smelling zones. Fromhere, sense cells61telling it what you smelled.

More than our other foursenses, our sense of smell changes our mood

and62.Ifyouweretoldtothinkaboutpopcorn,you'dprobablyrecall

itssmell.Andthenyoumightrememberthemovie63.Oursenseof

smell also makes us awareof dangerlikethe smell of smoke.

TextTwo

A.give presentations

B.new innovations

C.uploaded

Phrases:

A.howtohelppoorpeoplewithallsortsof64

B.all the speeches are65to their website

C.66on a variety of topics

TEDisasetofconferences,heldinvariouscitiesaroundtheworldeveryyear.With

variousspeakersalsofromvariouspartsoftheglobe67,for

everyone to see.

TEDconferencesinvitespeakcreto68.Thedifferentspeakers

areusuallyexpertsintheirfieldandtalkaboutnewideasandrecentdevelopments

37

 thatareimportanttotheirwork.Thespeakersareoftenalsowellknown,withpeople

suchasMicrosoftgiantBillGatesandworld-renownedchimpanzeeexpert,JaneGoodall,

havinggiventalks.Therearemanytalksonenvironmentalism,forexample,andon

internationaldevelopmentaidworkand69.Whilethetalkscover

awidevarietyoftopics,allspeakershaveastricttimelimiteachpresentation

must last no longer than18 minutes.

TextThree

A.to use

B.finding

C.the way

Phrases:

A.good at70information

B.71their brainswork

C.72theirimagination

Thetimespentwithtechnologydoesn'tjustgivekidsnewwaysofdoingthings,it

changes73.Forexample,anarticlesaysthatwhilevideogames

may condition the brainto pay attention to multiple stimuli, they can lead to

distractionanddecreasedmemory.Childrenwhoalwaysusesearchenginesmaybecome

very74butnot very good at remembering it. In addition, Ihe

article said, childrenwho use too much technology may not have enough

opportunities75orto read and think deeply about the material.

参考答案:

1-10A C B C BADABC

11-20DBACBDADBD

21-30ADDDCCCCDC

31-40DABDDCDBAA

41-50AADCBABADA

51-60CBCDDBCDAC

61-70BDABCABCAB

71-75CABAC

翻译:

Whenitcomestopersonalfinance,wearealllookingforwaystosavemoremoney.Ourhousehold

budgetsarefilledwithbothbigandsmallexpensesthatweimaginecanbecutouttosaveus

38

 

loadsofcashor,atthe veryleast,spentbetterelsewhere.Oneof thethingsyouhavesurely

consideredisusingpublictransportationratherthanyourownvehicle.Itwouldbeeasytoassume

thatpublictransportationischeaper,becausebusfareisfarlessexpensivethangas,butthose

arenotthe onlycoststoconsider.Take astepback toyourhighschooleconomicsclassand

trytorememberthelessonaboutopportunitycosts.These,asyoumightrecallifyouwereawake

forthatclass,arethethingsyougiveupwhenyouchooseoneoptionoverotheroptions,Although

theyarenotmeasuiedindollarsandcents,theystillhavetobeconsideredwheneveryoumake

afinancialdecision.

翻译题译文:

说到个人理财我们总是想方设法去节省更多的钱。我们的家庭预算充满了我们想象中可以节省的大大小

小的开支,或者至少他们能在别处花费得更好。你肯定考虑过的一件事是使用公共交通工具而不是你自己

的交通工具。人们很容易认为公共交通更便宜,因为公交车的票价远低于汽油,但这并不是唯一需要考虑

的成本。回到你的高经济学课堂,试着记起机会成本的教训。如果你那堂课是清醒着的话,你可能会

想起,这些正是当你做出一个选择时你所放弃的东西。尽管他们并不是用美元来衡量的,但是,他们是在

你做财务决定时仍然不得不考虑的事情。

作文:Whatmakehappycouplehappy?

With the rapiddevelopment of modem society, an increasing number of people arc

concernedabouttheproblemoftherelationshipbetweenahusbandandwifeinour

society.Notonlythegovernmentbutalsothepublichavetopaymoreattentionto

thisphenomenon.Undoubtedly,ithasbroughtaboutagreatinfluenceonpeople'swork

and living.

Basedonwhathasbeendiscussedsofar,itfollowsthatsomeeflectivesolutions

shouldbefoundtodealwiththeproblemoftherelationshipbetweentwopeople.On

theonehand,thecoupleshadbetterunderstandeachother'sdailyhabitssothat

theycanformthesameinterests,whichcanmakecouplesbecomehappy;ontheother

hand,nomatterhowclosetherelationshipisbetweentwopeople,weshouldgiveenough

roomtoeachotherbecausekeepingappropriatedistancecanmakethetwopeoplemore

comfortable. Only inthese ways can we solve this problem successfully and

eficctivcly.

Asfaras1amconcerned,norelationshipwillbefreeofdifficultyorconflict.

Thathappycoupleslivehappilyisbecausethattheyarcabletobothapologizeand

forgive facing withdifficulty or conflict.


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